GHANAsky.com, our research indicate almost 70% of Ghanaians have pale patchy Signs and symptoms of vitiligo. Some times, when you take a close look of your skin, you can find an iota of white skin dot on your body, have you ever ask yourself, what was the cause of that?.
Enam Honya is a graduate nurse who is fast losing the pigment of her skin to a rare disease known as vitiligo and it all started with just pale patchy skin pigment.
According to GHANAsky.com, some say;
"God is wonderful in creation"
"She is still beautiful"
"God is the master control. ..please never lose hope.... keep on holding your Faith and it shall be well with you amen"
Enam Honya skin makes her look different on the outside but on the inside, she's proving to be a woman of strength who has vowed never to let her condition get her down. She has started a campaign to inspire those with the skin condition that is gradually changing her appearance.
Let take visitors, deeper into the meaning of "Vitiligo". From the research of GHANAsky.com, Vitiligo is a chronic skin condition characterized by portions of the skin losing their pigment. It occurs when skin pigment cells die or are unable to function. Aside from cases of contact with certain chemicals, the cause of vitiligo is unknown. Research suggests vitiligo may arise from autoimmune, genetic, oxidative stress, neural, or viral causes.
Vitiligo is typically classified into two main categories: segmental and non-segmental vitiligo.
The global incidence of vitiligo is less than 1%, with some populations averaging 2–3% and as high as 16%. Autoimmune (the system of immune responses of an organism against its own cells and tissues) diseases such as Addison's disease, Hashimoto's thyroiditis, and type 1 diabetes mellitus tend to occur more often in people who have vitiligo. There is no cure for vitiligo but many treatment options are available including topical steroids, calcineurin inhibitors, and phototherapy.
Signs and symptoms:
The only sign of vitiligo is the presence of pale patchy areas of depigmented skin which tend to occur on the extremities. The patches are initially small, but often grow and change shape. When skin lesions occur, they are most prominent on the face, hands and wrists.
The loss of skin pigmentation is particularly noticeable around body orifices, such as the mouth, eyes, nostrils, genitalia and umbilicus. Some lesions have increased skin pigment around the edges. Patients who are stigmatized for their condition may experience depression and similar mood disorders.
In non-segmental vitiligo (NSV), there is usually some form of symmetry in the location of the patches of depigmentation. New patches also appear over time and can be generalized over large portions of the body or localized to a particular area. Vitiligo where little pigmented skin remains is referred to as vitiligo universalis. NSV can come about at any age (unlike segmental vitiligo, which is far more prevalent in teenage years).
Classes of non-segmental vitiligo include the following:
Generalized Vitiligo: the most common pattern, wide and randomly distributed areas of depigmentation
Universal Vitiligo: depigmentation encompasses most of the body
Focal Vitiligo: one or a few scattered macules in one area, most common in children
Acrofacial Vitiligo: fingers and periorificial areas
Mucosal Vitiligo: depigmentation of only the mucous membranes
Segmental vitiligo (SV) differs in appearance, cause and prevalence from associated illnesses. Its treatment is different from that of NSV. It tends to affect areas of skin that are associated with dorsal roots from the spinal cord and is most often unilateral. It spreads much more rapidly than NSV and, without treatment, it is much more stable/static in course and its association with autoimmune diseases appears to be weaker than that of generalized vitiligo.SV is a very treatable condition that responds to topical treatment.
Although multiple hypotheses have been suggested as potential triggers that cause vitiligo, studies strongly imply that changes in the immune system are responsible for the condition.Vitiligo has been proposed to be a multifactorial disease with genetic susceptibility and environmental factors both thought to play a role.
The TYR gene encodes the protein tyrosinase, which is not a component of the immune system, but is an enzyme of the melanocyte that catalyzes melanin biosynthesis, and a major autoantigen in generalized vitiligo. Some state the sunburns can cause the disease but there is not good evidence to support this.
There is no cure for vitiligo but several treatment options are available. The best evidence is for applied steroids and the combination of ultraviolet light in combination with creams. Due to the higher risks of skin cancer, the United Kingdom's National Health Service suggests phototherapy only be used if primary treatments are ineffective. Lesions located on the hands, feet, and joints are the most difficult to repigment; those on the face are easiest to return to the natural skin color.
Michael Jackson was diagnosed with vitiligo universali. Photo taken at the Kahala Hilton Hotel, late January 1988 - Michael Jackson signing an autograph - Alan Light derivative work.
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